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Home> Published Issues> 2018> Volume 5, No. 1, March 2018

Rice and Coconut for Food Resilience and Environmental Conservation in Indonesia

Lina Warlina and Sri Listyarini
FMIPA, Universitas Terbuka, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia

Abstract—Indonesia is the third largest rice producers in the world with most wetland or irrigated fields. With the large amount of agricultural land conversion, the wetlands are increasingly reduced, especially irrigated rice fields. This can interfere food resilience. On the other hand, Indonesia is known as a coconut country, because it produces coconut. Most of the coconut trees are old, so they are less productive. Regeneration of coconut trees takes 3-4 years to start producing, consequently during that time the coconut farmers are not earning money. With the aim to increase community's income, maintain food stability by taking into account environmental sustainability, a study on rice (paddy) and coconut integration is undertaken. Certain types of rice are planted in the fields and used as inter-cropping plants in coconut plantations. The results of the study concluded that economically the integration of rice-coconut can be more profitable because it will still provide income before the coconut trees produce. In addition, rice cultivation in the fields can maintain environmental sustainability.
Index Terms—coconut, rice, food resilience, inter-cropping, environmental conservation

Cite: Lina Warlina and Sri Listyarini, "Rice and Coconut for Food Resilience and Environmental Conservation in Indonesia," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 19-23, March 2018. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.5.1.19-23

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