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Home> Published Issues> 2023> Volume 10, No. 2, December 2023
JOAAT 2023 Vol.10(2): 65-70
doi: 10.18178/joaat.10.2.65-70

Process Design of an Integrated Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) Processing Technology

Jolina Danielle D. R. Bautista, Cristelle Diane S. Diaz, Lans Z. Sayson, Joshua Ladd A. Siat, Miyami B. Tamaki, Lindsay Odyssey L. Timbre, and Lola Domnina B. Pestaño*
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Santo Tomas, España Boulevard, Manila, Philippines
*Correspondence: lbpestano@ust.edu.ph (L.D.B.P)

Manuscript received January 10, 2023; revised March 10, 2023; accepted September 1, 2023; published December 13, 2023.

Abstract—Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) is a product obtained from fresh coconut that has been very famous in the market due to its several uses. The research aims to: design a process for the production VCO that utilizes both fresh-dry and fresh-wet methods; determine the weights of recovered coconut waste materials, VCO recovery of the three production lines, and investigate the possible utilization of these wastes to produce value-added commodities; and develop a conceptual design of the production of VCO that applies to a small-medium scale coconut community or farm in the Philippines. Preparation of raw materials includes splitting and grating of coconut meat and milk extraction. A conceptual design for the integrated method applicable to a small-medium scale coconut community in the Philippines was developed employing three assembly lines: (1) the low-pressure oil extraction via centrifugation method; (2) the fresh-dry process through low-pressure oil extraction method; and (3) the fresh-wet process through modified kitchen method that produces the clearest oil with VCO recovery of 18.43%, 25% and 16.5% for VCO production lines 1, 2 and 3 respectively.  The VCO produced is expected to qualify in the Asian and Pacific Coconut Community (APCC) VCO Standards. The weight of all recovered materials and wastes were accounted for.

Keywords—copra, centrifugation method, low-pressure oil extraction, modified kitchen method, sinusinu, small-medium scale, virgin coconut oil

Cite: Jolina Danielle D. R. Bautista, Cristelle Diane S. Diaz, Lans Z. Sayson, Joshua Ladd A. Siat,  Miyami B. Tamaki, Lindsay Odyssey L. Timbre, and Lola Domnina B. Pestaño, "Process Design of an Integrated Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) Processing Technology," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 65-70, December 2023. doi: 10.18178/joaat.10.2.65-70

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.


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