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Growth and Development for Maize (Zea Mays L.) as Influenced by Kinetin and EM

Sabiha Hassoon Kadhim
Plant Production Techniques Department, AL-Musiab Technical College, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Iraq
Abstract—The experiment was conducted in the field of Al- Jelawya, Babylon, Iraq for the Autumn season (2019), according to the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with arrangement of split plots, with three replicates, The main plots included kinetin at levels (0, 15, 30, 45mg/L) which are symbolized by (K1, K2, K3, k4) respectively. The sub plot contained on the effective microorganisms application at 1.0% conc. (control, foliar application, foliar and soil application, soil application) which are symbolized by (EM1, EM2, EM3, EM4). The results are as follows: The kinetin treatment (15mg/L) was excelled in the traits of flag leaf area 0.610m2, chlorophyll 42.17 spad, Row No/ear 15. 55 Row/ear, grain No/ear 37.73 grain/ear, grain yield 5.87 ton/ha and grain oil 4.77% oil. While the effective microorganisms treatment (soil application) was excelled in the traits of flag leaf area 0.561m2, grian No/row 36.23 grain/Row, 1000 grain weight 238.9g, grain yield 5.21 ton/ha. The interaction treatment (15mg/L x soil application) was excelled for the traits flag leaf area 0.704m2, chlorophyll content 44.00 spad, grain No/Row 38.47 grain/row, grain yield 6.21 ton/ha and % grain oil content 5.17%.
 
Index Terms—Kinetin, effective, microorganisms, maize
 
Cite: Sabiha Hassoon Kadhim, "Growth and Development for Maize (Zea Mays L.) as Influenced by Kinetin and EM," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 43-46, December 2020. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.7.2.43-46
 
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