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Phytochemical Characterization of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Seeds as Candidate of Water Additive for Organic Broiler Chickens

Jet S. Mandey, Fenny R. Wolayan, Cherly J. Pontoh, and Bonie F. J. Sondakh
Animal Husbandry Faculty, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, Indonesia
Abstract—The research was conducted to evaluate the phytochemical characterization of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) as candidate of natural water additive for organic broiler chickens. Research was done by laboratory analysis to phytochemicals, proximate on chemical compounds, -carotene and antioxidant potency of cucumber seeds. Data were analysed by descriptive method. Results showed that phytochemical screening by color visualization showed the presence of flavonoid, tannin, saponin and steroid. And, the quantitave analysis by spectrophotometry found the flavonoid total 0.36% (w/w), phenol total 0.40% (w/w), and analysis by titrimetry found tannin 2.82%. Proximate analysis on cucumber seeds were dry matter 90.53%, crude protein 26.68%, crude fat 14.14%, crude fiber 32.27%, Ca 3.024%, P 0.807% and gross energy 4817.72 Kkal. -carotene compound analysed by TLC Scanner was 2.82% and antioxidant IC 50% analyzed by DPPH/Spectrophotometry was 6555.55 ppm. It can be concluded that cucumber seeds can be used as an alternative water additive because of nutrients and antioxidant bioactive potency. 
 
Index Terms—bioactives, cucumber, feed additive, nutrients, water additive

Cite: Jet S. Mandey, Fenny R. Wolayan, Cherly J. Pontoh, and Bonie F. J. Sondakh, "Phytochemical Characterization of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Seeds as Candidate of Water Additive for Organic Broiler Chickens," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 61-64, March 2019. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.6.1.61-64
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