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The Social Conflict between Stakeholders in the Governance of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, Province of South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Sitti Rahbiah 1 and Awaluddin Yunus 2
1. Socio Economic Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Muslim Indonesia (UMI), Makassar, Indon
2. Agribusiness Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Islam Makassar (UIM), Indonesia
Abstract—Most conservation areas in Indonesia are currently under strong pressure and suffering severe damage caused by illegal logging, encroachment, uncontrolled logging and forest fires. The lack of an appropriate form of forest “governance” has been at the root of this problem. This research have been doing at Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park in the South of Sulawesi Province. Conducted from January to April 2015, the research was to understand the social conflict in the governance of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park. The data gathering was carried out through a survey method. The social conflict model is based on interconnectivity performance by combining the stakeholders’s roles constructed based on resources availability, organizing and norms. The results reveal that the dissipative structure in the national park is constructed around a co-management model through the profit-sharing-based external actor involvement. The ecological, economic, social and institutional balance is to arrange the paradox independence. The autopoesis involves linkage among the actors, interests, levels, disciplines and multi-scenarios constructed with the profit sharing, alternative livelihoods development and co-management model. The emergence construction is created based on the alternative model of rural conservation, development of productive business to reduce the society’s economic dependence on the national park and special enclaves zones in the Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park.
 
Index Terms—social conflict, stakeholders and governance

Cite: Sitti Rahbiah and Awaluddin Yunus, "The Social Conflict between Stakeholders in the Governance of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, Province of South Sulawesi, Indonesia," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 166-172, June 2018. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.5.2.166-172
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