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Performance and Milk Anti-Oxidant Property of Dairy Goats Fed Pomegranate Seed Pulp and Soybean Oil

Jongkolnee Yaowapaksophon
Department of Animal Production Technology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
Abstract—The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of supplementing two feedstuffs, Pomegranate Seed Pulp (PSP) as a source of plant secondary compounds or Soybean Oil (SO) as an energy source in order to enhance production performance and milk quality of Saanen dairy goats. Eight lactating cross-bred goats were assigned to receive diets in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 4 periods of 14 d adaptation and 7 d of data and sample collection. The four dietary treatments were unsupplementation (CON), supplementation with dried Pomegranate Seed Pulp (PSP) at 120 g/kgDM, supplementation with soybean oil (SO) at 50 g/kgDM, and supplementation with SO at 50g/kgDM and PSP at 120 g/kgDM (PSPSO), of concentrate diets. The dietary treatments with similar iso-nitrogenous (166 g/kgDM) and forage to concentrate ratio (36:64) were used. BW change, DM intake, protein intake, total tract apparent nutrient digestibility, milk yield, lactose, solid-not fat, total solid content and yield and solid-corrected yield of goats were not affected (P>0.05) by dietary treatments. Intake of PSPSO diet by PSPSO goats appeared to improve components and yields of milk fat, protein, 4%fat-corrected milk yield, milk efficiency (FCM/DM intake), responsibility of marginal FCM yield and milk flanoids (P=0.05). Somatic cell count of goat milk (520,000 cells/ml) was decreased (P<0.01) by the use of PSPSO diet. In conclusion use of combination between dried Pomegranate Seed Pulp and Soybean Oil (PSPSO) of goat diet could increase milk protein content and yield, milk fat content and yield, fat corrected yield, fat quality and milk oxidative stability property.
Index Terms—pomegranate seed pulp, soybean oil, quality and quantity of goat milk, milk antioxidant capacity

Cite: Jongkolnee Yaowapaksophon, "Performance and Milk Anti-Oxidant Property of Dairy Goats Fed Pomegranate Seed Pulp and Soybean Oil," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 109-116, June 2018. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.5.2.109-116
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