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A New Approach for PALF Productions and Spinning System: The Role of Surface Treatments

Yusri Yusof, Siti Asia Yahya, and Anbia Adam
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Manufacturing, UTHM, Johor, Malaysia
Abstract—In agricultural sector, there is an environment and technical issue during disposal process of agro waste after harvesting. Nowadays, there are some efforts being made worldwide in order to promote agricultural waste in a series of value-added products. The establishment of high-performance materials made from natural resources is a good approach towards developing sustainable agriculture sector. One of the potential fibers from agricultural waste developed in Malaysia is pineapple leaf fiber (PALF). An extensive research showed PALF have been successfully performed in textiles industry and reveal PALF immense potential in yarns productions. This work presented the new technology invented for PALF productions. The comparison of tensile properties between PALF extracted by hand scrapping and PALF M1 are evaluated. Besides that, the effect of alkaline and heat treatment towards PALF tensile properties also being studied. Obviously, the PALF extracted using PALF M1 experienced higher tensile than PALF extracted by hand scrapping. Furthermore, it was found that both treatments substantially increased PALF tensile strength. Further investigations is required in order to determine the effect of fiber properties and linear density on PALF yarn hairiness in spinning system.

Index Terms—agricultural waste, sustainable, pineapple leaf fiber (PALF), technical yarns, PALF spinning

Cite: Yusri Yusof, Siti Asia Yahya, and Anbia Adam, "A New Approach for PALF Productions and Spinning System: The Role of Surface Treatments," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 161-164, December 2014. Doi: 10.12720/joaat.1.2.161-164
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