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Enhancement of Antioxidants Content in Amaranths tricolor L. by Adjustment of Cationic Ions in Fertilizer

Sopanat Sawatdee1, Chattip Prommuak2, Teeraya Jarunglumlert3, Prasert Pavasant4, and Adrian Evan Flood1
1. School of Energy Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology, Rayong, Thailand
2. Energy Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
3. King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (Rayong Campus), Thailand
4. The Thailand Research Fund (TRF), Thailand
Abstract—This study investigated the effect of cationic nutrient (K, Mg and Ca) concentrations on the biosynthesis of antioxidants while also maintaining the dietary fiber content and mass productivity in Amaranthus tricolor L. Amaranthus tricolor L. was chosen as a model vegetable as it was reported to contain high antioxidants in the leaves. Soilless culture was carried out using a modified Huett solution containing different cationic ion concentrations (K; 28.5, 200.5 and 372.5 ppm, Mg; 2.8, 20 and 37.2 ppm Ca; 9.8, 70 and 130.2 ppm). Mature leaves from each treatment was determined for total phenolic content, antioxidant activity and dietary fiber. It was found that an increase in potassium enhanced the antioxidant activity and total phenolic productivity whereas the mass yield and dietary fiber were not negatively affected. The lowest Mg proportion (2.8 ppm) resulted in no mass productivity. High concentration of Ca (130.2 ppm) could increase the mass yield by up to 34%, compared with the control (70 ppm Ca). However, neither significant effect on antioxidant activity nor total phenolic productivity was observed with varying calcium concentration. The results suggest that producing an antioxidant-rich vegetable, not lowering its original quality, could be achieved by optimization of these nutrient elements.
Index TermsAmaranthus tricolor L, total phenolic, antioxidant activity, DPPH, cationic elements

Cite: Sopanat Sawatdee, Chattip Prommuak, Teeraya Jarunglumlert, Prasert Pavasant, and Adrian Evan Flood, "Enhancement of Antioxidants Content in Amaranths tricolor L. by Adjustment of Cationic Ions in Fertilizer," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 108-112, June 2019. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.6.2.108-112
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