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Effects of Climate Change in Farming Practices: The Case of Selected Barangays in San Mateo, Isabela

Annlouise Genevieve M. Castro and Mario R. Delos Reyes
University of the Philippines School of Urban and Regional Planning, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
Abstract—The agricultural sector is one of the more vulnerable sectors to climate change. The Local Government Units (LGUs) in the Philippines have only started to incorporate measures into local plans to mitigate or adapt to its adverse effects. The paper examined the farming practices of farmers in San Mateo, Isabela and how they have adjusted to climate adversities. Primary data was gathered through survey questionnaire, while focus group discussions and key informant interviews were conducted to verify the findings. Secondary data gathering was done to supplement primary data gaps. The municipality showed high potential for adaptation through farming practices of farmers. Findings show awareness to adverse effects of climate change, resulting to adjustments in farmers’ activities. Dependence on water supply from Magat River Integrated Irrigation System (MRIIS) affects farming schedule, as most of the agricultural lands are irrigated, resulting to changes from traditional farming to more updated techniques. The LGU must recognize the need to educate farmers through trainings and extension education to build farmers’ adaptive capacity. The shift in the mindset of farmers makes it easier to introduce new technology, and innovative farming practices already being practiced may be further enhanced through programs and projects of the local government. 
 
Index Terms—climate change, adaptive capacity, drought, cropping patterns

Cite: Annlouise Genevieve M. Castro and Mario R. Delos Reyes, "Effects of Climate Change in Farming Practices: The Case of Selected Barangays in San Mateo, Isabela," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 134-139, June 2017. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.4.2.134-139
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