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Seroepidemiological Assay of Water Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Enzootic Pneumonia Agents (BVDV, BHV-1, bPI3V) in Khuzestan Province of Iran

Mohsen A. Lotfi 1, Kamalzadeh B. Morteza 1, Shahrokh C. Navidpour 1, and Sholeh D. Javadi 2
1. Razi Vaccine Serum Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
2. Department of Biology, Centeral Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract—In most cases, bacterial pneumonia is a secondary infection, frequently prefaced by more common viral infections in the upper respiratory tract, such as bovine herpes virus 1 (BHV1); the causative agent of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV), Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV), and parainfluenza type 3 (PV-3). In this study we evaluated seroprevalence of three main viral agents of bovine enzootic pneumonia in southwestern of Iranian buffalo. 513 sera sample from nine region of Khuzestan province were investigated. Sera were tested by ELISA for bPI3V and BHV-1, indirect Immunofluorescence Assay Test (IFAT) for BVDV antibody detection. Seroprevalences for PI3V, BHV-1 and BVDV was 45.2%, 5.5% and 32.6% respectively. This result was confirmed and completed computed study about buffalo enzootic pneumonia causatives in Khuzestan province. 
Index Terms—buffalo, enzootic pneumonia, bovine respiratory disease, seroepidemiology, PI3V, BHV-1, BVDV

Cite: Mohsen A. Lotfi, Kamalzadeh B. Morteza, Shahrokh C. Navidpour, and Sholeh D. Javadi, "Seroepidemiological Assay of Water Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Enzootic Pneumonia Agents (BVDV, BHV-1, bPI3V) in Khuzestan Province of Iran," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 213-216, September 2016. Doi: 10.18178/joaat.3.3.213-216
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