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Prospect of Nutrition In-Utero on Improvement of Reproductive Performance in Bali Cows Kept Under Smallholder Farms

Muhammad Yusuf 1, Djoni Prawira Rahardja 2, and Abdul Latief Toleng 2
1. Department of Animal Production Faculty of Animal Science Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
2. Faculty of Animal Science Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Abstract—The objective of the present study was to know the future prospect of reproductive performance in Bali cows after treating with nutrition in-utero at different stages of reproductive physiology status. A total of 90 Bali cows were used in the study. All cows were scoring for body condition (BCS; scale 1 - 9) and clinically examined for reproductive function and status. The reproductive statuses were pregnant, cyclic, and anestrous. All cows were treated with nutrition in-utero. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and glucose concentrations were measured before and during treatment. The results of this study showed that the pregnant and cyclic cows, plasma BUN, creatinine, and glucose concentrations were relatively similar before and after treating with nutrition in-utero. In anestrous cows plasma glucose concentrations were lower before treatment and increased after treatment. Pregnant and cyclic cows were likely to maintain the metabolite status that may improved the BCS of the cows as well as the subsequent reproductive process. Increased plasma glucose concentrations in anestrous cows triggered energy intake and may improved the reproductive status. In conclusion, administration nutrition in-utero on the Bali cows at any reproductive statuses would improve reproductive performance. 
 
Index Terms—bali cows, nutrition in-utero, reproductive performance

Cite: Muhammad Yusuf, Djoni Prawira Rahardja, and Abdul Latief Toleng, "Prospect of Nutrition In-Utero on Improvement of Reproductive Performance in Bali Cows Kept Under Smallholder Farms," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 151-155, December 2015. Doi: 10.12720/joaat.2.2.151-155
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