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Opportunities and Challenges in Sustainability of Vertical Eco-Farming: A Review

Amaresh Sarkar and Mrinmoy Majumder
School of Hydro-Informatics Engineering, National Institute of Technology Agartala, Agartala, India
Abstract—Population is growing exponentially and Global food demand is rising. Eco-friendly solutions to meeting food needs are seriously concern. Vertical Eco-Farms are a revolutionary approach to produce high quantities and quality fresh nutritious food year round and have numerous advantages. Essentially, locally need based crops are grown on every floor of a skyscrapers with highly mechanized and automated control system for irrigation and environment. A high degree of competence in plant science and engineering skills are required for successful operation. Economically and practically, there are many problems inherent with designing a vertical eco-farm. In this paper, the state of the art opportunities and challenges in sustainability of vertical eco-farming have been reviewed which will help eco-farming farmer and researcher for efficient design and monitoring parameters of vertical Eco-Farms. The challenges include eco-friendly efficient design of the structure with controlled environment, monitoring of nutrient solution, selection of ideal crop and watering system. The ph value of nutrient solution determines the nutrient availability for plants. The addition of plant nutrients to eco-farming systems are performed according to the plant nutrient requirement. Accordingly, ph adjustment must be done daily due to lower buffering capacity of nutrient solution. Knowing the kind and concentration of ions allows identifying on the one hand, those that are needed in the nutrient solution and therefore can be subtracted from the original formulation.
Index Terms—vertical eco-farming, controlled environment agriculture, plant nutrient solution, crop watering system

Cite: Amaresh Sarkar and Mrinmoy Majumder, "Opportunities and Challenges in Sustainability of Vertical Eco-Farming: A Review," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 98-105, December 2015. Doi: 10.12720/joaat.2.2.98-105
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