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Technical Efficiency Analysis of Pig Production: A Sustainable Animal Protein Augmentation for Nigerians

Joseph C. Umeh, Chris Ogbanje, and M. A. Adejo
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Abstract—The study assessed the technical efficiency of pig production in Nigeria. Randomized sampling technique was used to select 27,782 respondents from the study area. The data were collected through well structure questionnaire. The analytical tools employed were descriptive statistics and Stochastic Frontier production function. The result showed that the mean age of the respondents was 51.23 years. The enterprise is mostly dominated by male (68.3%). The result of the Stochastic Frontier production function showed that feed and labour had positive significant effects on the production output. Education had negative significant effect on technical inefficiency. The mean efficiency was 0.97, indicating a high level of technical efficiency. The study also revealed that most of the farmers (60.0%) were in association and derived huge benefits. Also the study revealed that the farmers are faced with problems such as lack of access to credit facilities, diseases, and lack of access to extension services. Although the pig farmers are technically efficient, efficiency could be increased through better use of available resources, access to credits facilities, extension service and in depth research in the prevalent diseases in pig production. The resultant effect is the reduction of protein intake deficiencies for Nigerian.

Index Terms—pig productivity, animal protein augmentation, Nigeria

Cite: Joseph C. Umeh, Chris Ogbanje, and M. A. Adejo, "Technical Efficiency Analysis of Pig Production: A Sustainable Animal Protein Augmentation for Nigerians," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 19-24, June 2015. Doi: 10.12720/joaat.2.1.19-24
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