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Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and GC-MS Analysis of Ethanol Extract of Physalis Minima L. (Solanaceae)

Norhanizan Usaizan1, Nur Ashikin Psyquay Abdullah2, Siti Hajar Ahmad3 , and Ghizan Saleh3
1.Department of Agriculture Science, Faculty of Technical & Vocational, Sultan Idris Education University, 35900 Tanjong Malim Perak, Malaysia
2.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Kampus Bintulu, 97008, Bintulu, Sarawak
3.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Abstract—Physalis minima L. or locally known as pokok letup-letup is one of the interesting species in the genus Physalis due to the reports of its medicinal properties. This valuable plant can be found at warm temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. This valuable plant is traditionally used as diuretic, purgative, analgestic, vermifuge, etc. Ethanolic extraction of leaf, root and fruit were screened by GS-MS to identify the phytochemical compounds. The obtained result showed that the plant have important compounds such as phytol, vitamin E, oleic acid and n-Hexadeconoic acid. Presence of antimicrobial and antioxidant in the three parts of the plant (leaf, root and fruit) confirms the application of Physalis minima for various ailments by practitioners. However, isolation of individual phytochemical constituents may proceed to find a novel drug.

Index Terms—Physalis minima, pokok letup-letup, phytochemical, GS-MS, medicinal plant, antioxidant

Cite: Norhanizan Usaizan, Nur Ashikin Psyquay Abdullah, Siti Hajar Ahmad, and Ghizan Saleh, "Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and GC-MS Analysis of Ethanol Extract of Physalis Minima L. (Solanaceae)," Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp.100-103, December 2014. Doi: 10.12720/joaat.1.2.100-103
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